SAINT AUGUSTINE – Pearl buttons made their debut in 1885. They are still my favorite buttons. I don’t believe buttons, from the very beginning, were created just to finish it, but to enhance it. Buttons are sized in “lines.” To understand this, you must keep in mind that 40 lines equal one inch. A button that is listed as one-half would be line 20. Five-eighths inch is line 24. Seven-eighths inch is line 36. Two-inch buttons are line 80. There is no end to the sizes and shapes of buttons. Buttons can be used along with buttonhole, loops, frogs, chains, etc. When you pick your buttons, be sure to keep in mind the type of fabric, the design, and of course the size. If a pattern suggests a certain size, it would be best to stay with that size. The designer has already thought it out and had a reason for selecting that particular size.
Even though the pattern always marks the appropriate place for the buttons, always take into consideration your own personal needs. For example, if you have a large bust, you would want to make sure you have a button at the fullest part of the bustline. Shank buttons are often used so they lie smoothly when buttoned.
The length of the shank is determined by the thickness of the garment plus one-eighth inch. Start sewing on the right side. To keep the button in a raised position, use a matchstick or tooth pick and sew over the object when sewing on the button. After you have gone back and forth numerous times, remove the object. Holding the buttons in the air, wrap the remaining thread around the loose threads several times and secure. The shank button is often used on coats. Along with this, some people prefer to reinforce their buttons by placing a small flat button on the back side of the garment. This gives a little added security. Some people walk around without “their marbles,” while others just float through life with “loose buttons.” Personally, I’m more a button person!